Of this form, the data of the Municipal GIP for the year of 2008 had registered the average GIP of R$ 409,220 million (total of the state GIP divided by the number of cities), being that 17 cities were above average and 126 below, characterizing certain concentration in the generation of wealth in the State, the whose total GIP was of R$ 58,518 billion in that year. Another form to verify the concentration in the wealth generation is through the esteem of the curve of Lorenz for the GIP, the value added of the farming one, industry and of the services, representing the sectorial dynamics for the year of 2008. This instrument allows the ranqueamento of the income distribution, here admitting the GIP as its proxy, as measured of good to be, catching which the behavior of the one of the economic sectors how much the distribution of the value produced for all the state of Par. The best reference occurs when the curves representing the sectorial levels if approach to the line of 45 degrees, that is, igualitria it is the distribution of the sector inside of the productive structure of the state, and in contrast, its worse references if they give in the other extremity, that is, more distant of the line of 45 degrees indicating bigger concentration of the activity in few cities. In the figure-1, the methodology of analysis of the curve of Lorenz points with respect to two important extremities, the first one says respect to the value added for the farming one, that it presents the best distribution of the activities in the State reflecting its presence in the great majority of the cities, that is, on average this sector contributes with more than 21% in the composition of the GIP of the cities, if approaching the equality of incomes more than.
Private providence x Direct Treasure Is of utmost importance that all plan its retirements in advance. Some will only have the public welfare and others will have conditions to make a complementary, private providence. This article aims at to bring our vision on the advantages and cons of if making a private providence or keeping the resources in the direct treasure a complementary retirement. Private providence Exists of the types of private providence: PGBL and VGBL. PGBL means Plan Generating of Free Benefit and VGBL wants to say Generating Life of Free Benefit. They are plain previdencirios that allow that you accumulate resources for a contracted stated period.
During this period, the deposited money goes being invested and rentabilizado for the insuring one chosen for you. They are the two phases? Period of investment: In this period they are made it arrives in port initial and the monthly load. Period of Benefit: In this period the user usufrue of the plan, receiving the value waked up for the waked up period. Tax of Shipment and Administration the shipment tax is defined in percentile terms and happens on all the contributions that you to effect to a providence plan. While the administration tax has as objective to compensate the manager for its work being managed the resources of the deep one, the shipment tax searchs to compensate the financial institution for its expenditures with brokerage and sales of the plan. Difference between PGBL and VGBL the main difference between them is in the taxation. In the PGBL, you it can deduce the value of the contributions of its taxable income of the Income tax, with limit of 12% of its annual gross income. Thus, it will be able to reduce the value of the tax to pay or to increase its restitution TO GO. Indicated for who it makes complete declaration TO GO.
Word-key: traditional economy, ambient economy, competitive strategies, economic development, sustainable development. INTRODUCTION After almost one decade (1991 the 2001) of constant losses in the market of packings for other materials (as of plastic), the steel starts to recoup its commercial growth by means of an aggressive strategy of marketing and the increase of investments in technological processes to improve the quality of the metal. It was verified that in 2001, the sector put into motion R$ 15,7 billion, value this correspondent 1.5% of Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) Brazilian, generating 140 a thousand jobs indirect right-handers and. According to projections of OPEN – Brazilian Association of Packing, constants in the article ' ' Metallic packings for Bebidas' ' , of the BNDES, they is esteem that the growth of the sector in 2002, has been of five percent. The market of drink cans only reached, in this exactly year, a production of 13 billion units, against 10,7 billion in 2001. Moreover, the data contained in the report of the BNDES (1998), they disclose that they existed up to 1998, five great producers of metallic packs in Brazil, amongst which two if find installed north-eastern (Latasa/PE and the Metalic/CE), three in Southeast (Latasa, that has three branch offices in MG, SP and RIO DE JANEIRO, Crown Cork/SP and the Latapack Ball/SP) and one in the Sul region (ANC/RS). To this respect, it has been distinguished that the Metalic is the only manufacturer to use ' ' ao' ' as raw material of its containers, whereas the too much companies use ' ' alumnio' ' as insumo basic in the elaboration of the related cans. Although ' ' alumnio' ' to be a product of better quality, over all to not being subject to the effect of the corrosion, to conserve the flavor of the drink, as well as providing more slightness of the cans (due to possibility of if confectioning blades of lesser thicknesses of what of the steel cans), without counting on the advantage of the recycling of the comparative aluminum cans to the ones of steel, still thus the Metalic opted to the use of ' ' ao' ' in the manufacture of metallic packings, exactly considering that the necessary investments for the implantation of an industry with capacity for manufacture of 750 million cans/year (of aluminum or steel), are similar, that is, of approximately US$ 60 million.