Vygotsky (1998) takes as starting point the existence of a relation enters one definitive level of development and the potential capacity of learning. It defends the idea of that, to verify the level of development of the child, we have that to determine at least, two levels of development. First of them would be level of development effective, that if makes through the tests that establish the mental age, that is, those that the child is capable to carry through for same itself, already as of them if it would constitute in the area of potential development, that if it relates to everything what the child is capable to make with the aid of excessively, either for imitation, demonstration, among others. Thus, it means that the child can make today with the aid of the adults or of the equal ones certainly she will make tomorrow alone. For Vygotsky, cited for Baquero (1998), the trick, the game is specific activities of infancy, in which the recria child the reality using symbolic systems, being an activity with cultural and social context. The author tells on the zone of proximal development that is in the distance enters the current level of development, determined for the capacity to decide, independently, a problem, and the level of potential development, determined through the resolution of a problem, under the orientation of an adult, or a capable friend. In the vision of Vygotsky (1998) the symbolic game is as a typical activity of infancy and essential to the infantile development, occurring from the acquisition of the symbolic representation, stimulated for the imitation. In this way, the game can be considered a very important activity, therefore through it the child creates a zone of proximal development, with functions that had not yet ripened, but that it meets in maturation process, that is, what the child will go to reach in a next future.
Such attitudes are necessary for the professor who acts in the hospital, therefore its attributions need to go beyond the pertaining to school activities. As Matos; Mugiatti (2008, p.118): ‘ ‘ therefore the necessity of the formation of pedagogos that construct to creative, engaged and competent proposals for the attendance of the child and the adolescent hospitalizados’ ‘ , that they demand specific cares, flexibilities in the didactic procedures, one differentiated performance. In this direction, Justi; Fonseca; Souza (2011, P. 52) complement: Thus, a new is born to look at, a look that it searchs to see the invisible one, to hear the inaudvel and to touch the intangible one, this is, in pedagogical acting in hospital environment, becomes necessary the presence of the sensitivity of the professor stops beyond its academic formation. Of this form, we understand that the directed pedagogical action to the hospital scope implies to develop action stops beyond the educative challenges, that is, implies to defy the directions of the race essentially human being in communion with the educative process.
The professor who acts in necessary hospital classroom if to matter with the pupil beyond the educative scope, to know its limits and physical and cognitivas possibilities observing quiet attitudes, symptoms, movements and its apelos. He needs to be prepared to act next to children and adolescents who pass for traumatic factors as: ‘ ‘ … scars, emagrecimento, deformities or burnings, absence of hair or for. The uncertainty on received and the limitations imposed for the fatigue and the difficulty of concentration inhibit reencontros’ ‘. Vadim Belyaev, Moscow Russia shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. (Schiller, 2000, p.106) Many of these small patients are gotten depressed and if they deny to receive visits, so that these are not shocked with its eventual physical change, mainly in the current society, that propagates the idolatria of the body and physical appearance. In this direction, the professor in set with excessively professional will be able to help them it if to prepare for the return to the life and the social conviviality of which he was taken off.
Learn a foreign language can be different: foreign language training or separately on the books, according to the communicative method or technique of classical, etc. etc. And, as a rule, people either because of their laziness, or because his ignorance of choosing only one way of knowing the language and believe that this is enough. However, know this: to get the full knowledge, it is better to use several approaches. For example, to obtain the initial knowledge best to go to foreign language courses, and then when you're already more or less oriented in the language, you can continue learning on their own. Self-study course, will cost you much less. However, do not skimp on textbooks: do not buy one book, but few (if one of the books of some section sets out very well, then you can take a different textbook, where it is written better). If you are a very good progress in independent learning written language and the language spoken behind you, then you'd better enroll: there under the guidance of an experienced teacher and a company such as language learning conversation will be a lot of people easier. To hone the same skills of spoken language can make a linguistic tour the country the language is spoken, for example, if you are learning English, it will be possible to go to London or New York. And if the money trip abroad you do not, then it is better to have a foreign friend on the Internet, because there is great service e-mail and ICQ. So learn, learn in different ways, and the more ways you pereprobuete, the better.
Imagine that you are gardeners, and you wanted to grow a beautiful garden, an excellent harvest, as you take care of, first of all? Of course, the pochve. to school – is the base, the foundation, the soil in which seeds fall graduation. On as “fertile>> it will be, and will depend on the successful development and education of the child in school. With what and when to prepare the ground? From the moment of conception should be aware of what kind of load we are undertaking and what it means to the parish in our child’s life. Prospective parents need some knowledge in the field of child development. There are two ways – it’s books and courses for parents.
Two things may give the child’s parents – it’s roots and .Korni – a family relationship, happy family, mental and physical zdorove. – the development of creative potential. In a family where there is mutual understanding and happiness is always the first place or belief or moral code, the second spouse (Wife), the third child. The first condition for successful learning – this attitude in the family. The stronger and healthier friendly and respectful attitude in the family, the easier and easier for teachers and parents to find a rapport with the children. Second – it’s absolute, unconditional love and respect for children, the adoption of a child and trust him, the child feels that his love, and never asked a dumb question, “Do you love me?”>>. Must be able to love this show.
How? Through active listening, eye contact with eyes, physical contact and attention, loving tender look in any situation. Third – mental and physical health of the child. It is clear that a sick child will be do worse, and will experience great difficulties. The parent should understand and help. If the reason for poor performance – in poor health, it is clear that in the first place should go to the doctor and take measures to improve – mode, active recreation, a feasible exercise, vitamins, etc. Fourth – this is especially the nervous system, left or right-brain dominance of brain hemispheres, natural inclinations and abilities. Due to the different people by temperament (sanguine, melancholic, choleric, and phlegmatic) depends on the successful training. Best deal sanguine, choleric and melancholic worse, really bad phlegmatic. These features should be considered, see them in your child. Education in school is more suitable for left hemisphere (usually right-handed) children. Left-handed children – a risk factor. Development and health of the child is laid out in three stages prednatalnogo period (conception, intrauterine development, the moment of birth). If during this period were violations – the backlog in school – it’s inevitable. So children need timely additional correction is strictly an individual basis. Conversely, favorable pregnancy and childbirth – good health, character and education of the child. In the first 5-6 years of life lays the child’s emotional attitude towards life and people, the presence or absence of incentives to intellectual development. Adults who are at this time, side by side, belongs to an exclusive role in educating the child. The best teacher for your child – his parents, as well as human breast milk.